Trader: InterAmerican Coffee
Region: Blue Mountain
Process: Fully washed
Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee is a globally protected certification mark meaning that only coffee certified by the Coffee Industry Board of Jamaica can be labelled as such. It comes from a recognized growing region in the Blue Mountain area of Jamaica and its cultivation is monitored by the Coffee Industry Board of Jamaica.
The Blue Mountains are located between Kingston to the south and Port Maria and Port Antonio to the north. The coffee is grown in the Blue Mountain region in the eastern part of the Island. It consists of 6,000 hectares of coffee planted by 25,000 farmers. More than 90% are small farmers with an average size farm of less than half a hectare. Rising to 2,350 metres, the Blue Mountains are some of the highest mountains in the Caribbean. The climate of the region is cool and misty with high rainfall. The soil is rich with excellent drainage. This combination of climate and soil is considered ideal for coffee.
The Coffee Industry Regulation Act in Jamaica specifies what coffee-growing areas may use the label ‘Blue Mountain’. Additionally, it restricts the use of the Blue Mountain trademark to those authorized by the Coffee Industry Board. Coffee harvested from the parishes of Saint Andrew, Saint Thomas, Portland and Saint Mary may be considered Blue Mountain coffee. Additionally, only coffee grown up to 1,800 metres may be called Jamaica Blue Mountain.
Most land in Jamaica above 1,800 metres is a forest preserve, so no coffee is grown there.Jamaica High Mountain Supreme and Prime Washed are grown in different areas to the Jamaica Blue Mountains towards the centre-west of the island.